Schipperke Temperament: What's Good About 'Em, What's Bad About 'Em
Schipperke Temperament, Personality, Behavior, Traits, and Characteristics, by Michele Welton. Copyright © 2000-2018
The AKC Standard describes the Schipperke as "questioning, mischievous, impudent... interested in everything around him."
Indeed, this is one of the most inquisitive and impulsive of all breeds. The Schipperke is busy, busy, busy and seldom walks when he can trot or scamper.
The Schipperke should always be kept on-leash (for he is an extremely fast, agile, independent chaser of anything that moves) or in a secure yard, preferably supervised, because his ingenuity and climbing/digging skills may send him over or under the fence.
Possessed of extraordinary senses and an inherent suspicion of strangers, the Schipperke sleeps lightly and makes a keen, vigilant watchdog. He is convinced that he is a big dog and may physically challenge an intruder foolish enough to ignore his sharp, penetrating bark.
With dogs and cats in his own family, he is usually fine. With strange pets who invade his domain, he can be scrappy. He has a high prey drive and is likely to harass small caged pets, and with his quick reflexes and light-footed agility, creatures that run won't get far.
This little rascal does best with owners who are firm, confident, and consistent. He has a marked stubborn streak, strong likes and dislikes, a mischievous sense of humor, and will take clever advantage if indulged.
Schipperkes are proud and sensitive and do not react kindly to being harshly handled or teased. Some can be hard to housebreak, and their barking must be kept under control.
If you want a dog who...
- Is unusual-looking: a small black dog with a foxy face, thick coat, rounded rump, and docked tail
- Is one of the most dynamic, intense, and curious of all breeds
- Is quick-moving and agile and thrives on athletic activites and interactive games
- Makes an extremely keen watchdog
- Is usually hardy and long-lived
A Schipperke may be right for you.
If you don't want to deal with...
- Very high activity level
- Destructiveness when bored or left alone too much
- Suspiciousness toward strangers
- Potential aggression toward other animals -- strong chasing instincts
- Escape attempts and running away
- Strong-willed mind of his own, requiring a confident owner who can take charge
- Lots of barking
A Schipperke may not be right for you.
Keep in mind that the inheritance of temperament is less predictable than the inheritance of physical traits such as size or shedding. Temperament and behavior are also shaped by raising and training.
- You can avoid some negative traits by choosing an ADULT dog from an animal shelter or rescue group. With an adult dog, you can easily see what you're getting, and plenty of adult Schipperkes have already proven themselves not to have negative characteristics.
- If you want a puppy, you can avoid some negative traits by choosing the right breeder and the right puppy. Unfortunately, you usually can't tell whether a puppy has inherited temperament or health problems until he grows up.
- Finally, you can avoid some negative traits by training your Schipperke to respect you and by following the 11-step care program in my book, 11 Things You Must Do Right To Keep Your Dog Healthy and Happy.
More traits and characteristics of the Schipperke
If I was considering a Schipperke, I would be most concerned about...
- Providing enough exercise and mental stimulation. Schipperkes may be small, but they are active go-getters who need regular opportunities to vent their energy. Otherwise they will become hyperactive and/or bored – which they usually express by barking and destructive chewing. I strongly recommend that you get your Schipperke involved in obedience classes at the intermediate or advanced level, or in agility classes (an obstacle course for dogs).
- Suspiciousness toward strangers. Standoffish by nature, Schipperkes need extensive exposure to people and to unusual sights and sounds. Otherwise their natural caution can become extreme suspiciousness, which is difficult to live with because it can morph into aggression or shyness.
- Animal aggression. Many Schipperkes are dominant (pushy) toward other dogs of the same sex. Some Schipperkes will chase and seize small fleeing creatures. This can make for conflict if you own a cat. It may be much worse than that if you own a pet rabbit or hamster!
- Running away from you. Most Schipperkes should not be trusted off-leash. They can take off, oblivious to your frantic shouts, after anything that runs.
- Fence security. Many Schipperkes are clever escape artists who will go over or under fences in search of adventure. To keep your Schipperke in, you may need higher fences than you might imagine for their small size. You may also need to sink wire into the ground along the fence line to thwart digging.
- The strong temperament. Schipperkes have an independent mind of their own and are not pushovers to raise and train. They can be manipulative, and many are willful and dominant (they want to be the boss) and will make you prove that you can make them do things. You must show them, through absolute consistency, that you mean what you say.
In other words, you must teach your Schipperke to respect you. A dog who respects you will do what you say and will stop what he's doing when you tell him "No." Read more about Schipperke Training.
- Barking. With their keen senses, Schipperkes are often too quick to sound the alarm at every new sight and sound. You have to be equally quick to stop them. This is not a breed to leave outside in your yard, upsupervised. To make matters worse, many Schipperkes have intense, high-pitched barks that can set your teeth on edge.
- Shedding. Schipperkes shed a goodly amount, mostly during the spring and fall, but in our climate-controlled houses, some hair comes out all through the year.
To help you train and care for your dog
Dog training videos. Sometimes it's easier to train your puppy (or adult dog) when you can see the correct training techniques in action.
The problem is that most dog training videos on the internet are worthless, because they use the wrong training method. I recommend these dog training videos that are based on respect and leadership.
To learn more about training your dog to be calm and well-behaved, my dog training book is Teach Your Dog 100 English Words. It's a unique Vocabulary and Respect Training Program that will teach your dog to listen to you and do whatever you ask.
My dog buying guide, Dog Quest: Find The Dog Of Your Dreams, will teach you everything you need to know about finding a good-tempered, healthy dog.
My dog health care book, 11 Things You Must Do Right To Keep Your Dog Healthy and Happy, shows you how to help your dog live a longer life while avoiding health problems and unnecessary veterinary expenses.