Puli Temperament: What's Good About 'Em, What's Bad About 'Em
Puli Temperament, Personality, Behavior, Traits, and Characteristics, by Michele Welton. Copyright © 2000-2018
The acrobatic Puli has been likened to a bouncing spring. Typically he remains lively and playful well into his teens. With boundless energy and insatiable curiosity, he bustles about with light-footed agility, checking out every new sight and sound – and expressing his opinion about it.
The Puli is a sturdy herding breed, a superb athlete with quick reflexes. He can turn on a dime and clear a six-foot fence from a standstill.
With his keen eyesight, acute hearing, and suspicion of strangers, the Puli is serious about his responsibility as a watchdog. He will rush up to a stranger to take his measure and is willing to back up his loud warning bark with a bite. Since dogs are not the best judges of a person's true intentions, you could end up in legal (and financial) hot water if your Puli bites someone. Extensive socialization is required to keep a Puli from becoming too sharp.
Some Pulis are playful with other dogs, while other Pulis are dominant, bossy, and territorial. His high prey drive will send him in rollicking pursuit of small creatures that run.
One of the smartest of all breeds, supremely self-confident, the Puli is also one of the most demanding and manipulative. As one breeder puts it, the Puli has "a capacity for causing mischief that is truly awesome."
This breed is for experienced owners who know how to lead a strong-willed dog. The Puli has an "in your face" personality and is accustomed to making his own decisions. He will continue to do so unless you take control with firm leadership and consistent rules. Yet he is also proud and sensitive and won't tolerate harsh handling.
If you want a dog who...
- Is conveniently sized, sturdy and durable, athletic and agile
- Has a long shaggy coat (can be clipped short)
- Sheds less than many other breeds (because shed hairs are trapped in the long coat)
- Has been likened to a bouncing spring – energetic and curious
- Thrives on exercise and athletic activities
- Has a self-possessed, confident attitude
- Makes an extremely keen watchdog
A Puli may be right for you.
If you don't want to deal with...
- Vigorous exercise requirements
- Suspiciousness or aggression toward strangers when not socialized enough
- Aggression toward other animals – chasing instincts
- Strong-willed mind of his own, requiring a confident owner who can take charge
- LOTS of grooming/maintenance of the long coat (or clipping it short)
- "Shaggy dog syndrome," i.e. debris clinging to the coat, water soaking into the beard and dripping on your floors
- Waiting lists (hard to find) and a high price tag
A Puli may not be right for you.
Keep in mind that the inheritance of temperament is less predictable than the inheritance of physical traits such as size or shedding. Temperament and behavior are also shaped by raising and training.
- You can avoid some negative traits by choosing an ADULT dog from an animal shelter or rescue group. With an adult dog, you can easily see what you're getting, and plenty of adult Pulis have already proven themselves not to have negative characteristics.
- If you want a puppy, you can avoid some negative traits by choosing the right breeder and the right puppy. Unfortunately, you usually can't tell whether a puppy has inherited temperament or health problems until he grows up.
- Finally, you can avoid some negative traits by training your Puli to respect you and by following the 11-step care program in my book, 11 Things You Must Do Right To Keep Your Dog Healthy and Happy.
More traits and characteristics of the Puli
If I was considering a Puli, I would be most concerned about...
- Providing enough physical – and mental – exercise. Pulis don't need miles of running exercise. But they must have several daily walks and a fenced yard in which to stretch their legs and romp. Just as important as physical exercise is mental exercise, which means interesting activities to do. Pulis are intelligent herding dogs who like to keep busy.
I recommend that you get your Puli involved in regular obedience classes (beyond the beginners level – join a dog club and go every week). Also consider agility classes (an obstacle course for dogs) or even herding, if there is a herding club in your area. Also consider my book, Teach Your Dog 100 English Words, because teaching your dog words and games stimulates his brain and keeps him happy!
- Suspiciousness. Most Pulis have protective instincts toward strangers. They need extensive exposure to friendly people so they learn to recognize the normal behaviors of "good guys." Then they can recognize the difference when someone acts abnormally. Without careful socialization, they may be suspicious of everyone, which could lead to biting.
- Chasing other animals. The Puli is usually fine with the pets in his own family. But he can be a bit pushy toward dogs he doesn't know, and he will pursue small animals that run.
- Mind of their own. Pulis are very smart and very trainable – in the right hands. But they have an independent mind of their own (as do most herding breeds) and can be willful and manipulative. You need to know what you're doing or a Puli will walk all over you. To teach your Puli to listen to you, "Respect Training" is mandatory. Read more about Puli Training.
- Barking. Pulis can be serious barkers, and their voice is loud and strong.
- Grooming. If you want your Puli to look anything like the pictures in dog books and on TV, you'll be spending an enormous amount of time and energy in coat care. The wiry hairs of his outer coat tend to fuse with the wooly hairs of his undercoat to form felt cords. If you wish to keep this appearance, you must separate the cords every few weeks. Bathing takes a half hour, for the cords must be thoroughly rinsed. Drying takes 24 hours, with the dog in a crate surrounded by a dryer and box fans.
Your second option is to brush out the cords whenever they start to form. This produces a natural "shaggy" look that simply requires lots of regular brushing. Your third option is to keep the coat trimmed or clipped so it's short and sanitary. This is my favorite option.
- "Shaggy dog syndrome." Like all shaggy dogs, the Puli is a messy dog. Leaves, mud, snow, fecal matter, and other debris cling to his rough coat and ends up all over your house. When he drinks, his beard absorbs water, which drips on your floors when he walks away. When he eats, his beard absorbs food so that when he sniffs your face or presses his head against your leg, YOU end up dirty, too. Shaggy dogs are not suited to fastidious housekeepers.
Again, clipping the coat makes all of these hassles go away.
- Shedding. Pulis definitely shed, though much of the shed hair gets caught in the long coat rather than ending up on your floor. But if you clip the coat, of course, there is no longer an impediment to the shed hair falling out. But it's not a ton of hair, so I think the trade-off (an easy-care coat) is worth it.
- Finding one and paying the price. In the United States, only a couple of hundred Puli puppies are registered each year. Be prepared to go on a waiting list and to pay pretty much whatever the breeder wants to charge.
To help you train and care for your dog
Dog training videos. Sometimes it's easier to train your puppy (or adult dog) when you can see the correct training techniques in action.
The problem is that most dog training videos on the internet are worthless, because they use the wrong training method. I recommend these dog training videos that are based on respect and leadership.
To learn more about training your dog to be calm and well-behaved, my dog training book is Teach Your Dog 100 English Words. It's a unique Vocabulary and Respect Training Program that will teach your dog to listen to you and do whatever you ask.
My dog buying guide, Dog Quest: Find The Dog Of Your Dreams, will teach you everything you need to know about finding a good-tempered, healthy dog.
My dog health care book, 11 Things You Must Do Right To Keep Your Dog Healthy and Happy, shows you how to help your dog live a longer life while avoiding health problems and unnecessary veterinary expenses.