Greyhound Temperament: What's Good About 'Em, What's Bad About 'Em
Greyhound Temperament, Personality, Behavior, Traits, and Characteristics, by Michele Welton. Copyright © 2000-2018
The Greyhound belongs to a family of dogs called sighthounds, which were originally developed to hunt other animals. The slender, long-legged sighthound hunts by spotting movement across a vast distance, then running the animal down with lightning speed. The Greyhound, though, is a unique sighthound developed more for track racing than for hunting.
Greyhound racers who are past their prime, or who simply lose too much, would face quick deaths if it weren't for rescue groups who take them in and foster them. Rescue groups teach ex-racing dogs, who have lived their entire lives in kennels, how to be good family companions. The vast majority of Greyhounds found in family homes are ex-racing dogs.
With their quiet dignity and independence, Greyhounds are calm and quiet indoors, moving lightly and gracefully rather than toppling your lamps. They are comfort-loving dogs who want to snuggle on a soft couch or under a warm blanket.
The fastest of all breeds (a Greyhound can outrun a horse in a sprint), once he has exploded into his powerful driving gallop for a short time, he is content to sleep for the rest of the day.
Which brings up an important requirement for owning a Greyhound – you should have a good-sized, fenced area in which he can spring all-out at least once every few days. Greyhounds are not built for endurance, so they don't want or need hours of jogging exercise.
This sensitive breed prefers peace and quiet and soft-spoken people. He does not do well in an environment with chronic tension or loud voices.
Most Greyhounds are politely reserved with strangers, and prefer to lean against their owner's leg rather than approaching people they don't know.
Greyhounds are peaceful with other dogs who are medium to large in size. But because of their heritage, they can be a serious chaser of cats and tiny dogs. However, many individuals can learn to coexist with these smaller pets.
Greyhounds are nonaggressive (they tend to freeze when challenged or attacked) and they can be touch-sensitive (startling when touched unexpectedly). Because they are so docile, they must be trained with a very light hand and much more praise than correction.
This quiet dog seldom barks. (But many individuals take great delight in stealing and hoarding food and toys!)
If you want a dog who...
- Has a tall, slender, elegant build
- Has a sleek easy-care coat that comes in many colors
- Is extremely athletic and graceful – can run swiftly and jump great heights
- Has a calmness and quiet dignity that is often likened to a cat
- Is polite with people and other dogs
- Is readily available through the many Greyhound rescue organizations for ex-racing dogs
A Greyhound may be right for you.
If you don't want to deal with...
- Providing a safe enclosed area where he can occasionally gallop
- Strong instincts to chase other living creatures that run
- Potential for fearfulness or timidity if not socialized enough
- An independent "what's in it for me?" attitude toward training
- Emotional sensitivity to stress and abrupt changes in schedule
- Slowness to housebreak
A Greyhound may not be right for you.
Keep in mind that the inheritance of temperament is less predictable than the inheritance of physical traits such as size or shedding. Temperament and behavior are also shaped by raising and training.
- You can avoid some negative traits by choosing an ADULT dog from an animal shelter or rescue group. With an adult dog, you can easily see what you're getting, and plenty of adult Greyhounds have already proven themselves not to have negative characteristics. Indeed, you can adopt a wonderful Greyhound from rescue groups that specialize in finding homes for ex-racing dogs who desperately need a home.
- If you want a puppy, you can avoid some negative traits by choosing the right breeder and the right puppy. Unfortunately, you usually can't tell whether a puppy has inherited temperament or health problems until he grows up.
- Finally, you can avoid some negative traits by training your Greyhound to respect you and by following the 11-step care program in my book, 11 Things You Must Do Right To Keep Your Dog Healthy and Happy.
More traits and characteristics of the Greyhound
If I was considering a Greyhound, I would be most concerned about...
- Providing enough running exercise. Greyhounds don't need miles of running, but they also can't get by with a small yard and leashed walks around the block. They're content to be couch potatoes, yes, but only if they have regular access to a large fenced area where they can gallop for a bit – fenced because these dogs are chasing addicts with sharp eyesight for movement. Outside of a fenced area, if something catches their attention on the horizon, they will take off and not come back.
See if there is a dog club in your area that offers an activity called lure coursing, which is chasing a mechanical lure in a controlled setting. This is an appropriate outlet for the full-speed galloping behaviors that are "hardwired" into your Greyhound's genes.
- Chasing other animals that run. Greyhounds are usually fine with the pets in their own family. But they are lightning-fast, and individuals with a strong prey instinct could seriously injure or kill any small running animal.
Fortunately, most Greyhounds today are placed in their new homes by Greyhound rescue organizations. These groups have already done rigorous screening to evaluate each dog's behavioral tendencies. They are experienced at predicting whether any given Greyhound will be reliable with your cats, for example. Honestly, though, I don't know that I would feel comfortable keeping a Greyhound with one of my cats or toy-breed dogs.
- The independent temperament. Sighthounds are very different from other kinds of dogs. They won't try to haul you around on the leash like many other breeds do; instead they might display passive resistance by bracing their legs and refusing to move at all. Greyhounds are independent thinkers who don't particularly care about pleasing you, so you need to rely on establishing the right leader-follower relationship where your Greyhound understands that you mean what you say. Read more about Greyhound Training.
- Emotional sensitivity. Be honest... is there tension in your home? Are people loud or angry or emotional? Are there arguments? Greyhounds are extremely sensitive to stress and can end up literally sick to their stomachs, with severe digestive upsets and neurotic behaviors, if the people in their home are having family problems. Sighthounds are peaceful dogs who need a peaceful, harmonious home.
Should you consider a Greyhound if you have young children? It depends on the individual dog and the individual children. These sensitive dogs often feel overwhelmed by the loud voices and quick movements that children can't help making – and stress and shyness may be the result. Realistically, the final decision won't be up to you, since Greyhound rescue groups have their own policies about children. Personally I prefer to recommend Greyhounds for adult-only homes.
- Housebreaking. Most people don't acquire Greyhound puppies; they acquire an adult ex-racing dog who has lived his life in a kennel, not in a family home. Whether that dog will have learned good bathroom habits or bad bathroom habits varies. Usually the breed is clean.
- Health problems. Greyhounds are extremely prone to a life-threatening digestive syndrome called bloat, which arises suddenly and can kill a dog in only a few hours. In addition, an alarming number of Greyhounds die early from cancer.
To help you train and care for your dog
Dog training videos. Sometimes it's easier to train your puppy (or adult dog) when you can see the correct training techniques in action.
The problem is that most dog training videos on the internet are worthless, because they use the wrong training method. I recommend these dog training videos that are based on respect and leadership.
To learn more about training your dog to be calm and well-behaved, my dog training book is Teach Your Dog 100 English Words. It's a unique Vocabulary and Respect Training Program that will teach your dog to listen to you and do whatever you ask.
My dog buying guide, Dog Quest: Find The Dog Of Your Dreams, will teach you everything you need to know about finding a good-tempered, healthy dog.
My dog health care book, 11 Things You Must Do Right To Keep Your Dog Healthy and Happy, shows you how to help your dog live a longer life while avoiding health problems and unnecessary veterinary expenses.