Most common health problems in Toy Poodles, plus health care and feeding.


My Complete Health Care Program for your Toy Poodle

If you want to AVOID health problems in your Toy Poodle, you'll find my health care program very valuable.

It's called "11 Things You Must Do Right To Keep Your Dog Healthy and Happy."

Raise your dog the RIGHT way, feed him the RIGHT food, give him the RIGHT vaccinations, avoid unnecessary veterinary expenses, and help him live a longer, happier, and more comfortable life.

If your Toy Poodle already HAS a health problem, I'm sorry to hear that. You should immediately begin my health care program, and you may be able to restore his good health – or at least make him much more comfortable. Let me help!

My best-selling dog health book


Toy Poodle dog breed

Toy Poodle Health Care & Feeding

By Michele Welton. Copyright © 2000-2017


Quick list of Toy Poodle health problems

Severe eye diseases are the major concern; there are many blind Toy Poodles.

Toy Poodles also suffer from bad joints: bad knees (luxating patella) or bad hips (Legg-Calve-Perthes disease), both of which cause pain and lameness and can require expensive surgery. Intervertebral disk disease is not uncommon, especially in Poodles with short legs and a long back, which is a deformity called chondrodysplasia.

Epilepsy, heart disease, and dental disease are serious concerns in Toy Poodles.

Toy Poodles are susceptible to collapsing trachea, a progressive weakness of their windpipe that causes severe coughing.

Poodles are notorious for having all manner of skin growths, most of which are benign but still a nuisance if you nick them with the clippers when grooming your Poodle! Chronic allergies (which cause itchy skin) are also common, along with ear infections due to the profuse hair in the long narrow ear canals.

Toy Poodle puppies (and adults who are less than 4 pounds) are susceptible to low blood sugar, which can result in collapse or seizures.

(See more health problems below.)


Preventing health problems

Some health problems are inherited. For example, if both parents of your Toy Poodle have certificates proving they were tested and cleared of hereditary eye diseases and luxating patella, your Toy Poodle has less risk of developing those conditions.

Other health problems can be prevented, or partially prevented, by the ways you raise your dog. If you're serious about doing everything you can for your Toy Poodle, my best-selling book, 11 Things You Must Do Right To Keep Your Dog Healthy and Happy, shows you how to raise your Toy Poodle puppy (or adult dog) in all the right ways. It will help you be your dog's health care champion!


Here are my dog health tips for raising a healthy Toy Poodle puppy or adult dog:

Obedience instructor and author Michele Welton Dog Health Care – The Sensible Way
Read my advice on daily health care so your Toy Poodle lives a long, healthy life and seldom needs to see the vet.


Real homemade dog food The Best Dog Food For Feeding Your Toy Poodle
Food is the #1 foundation for good health. The best diet for feeding your dog is real food. Real chicken, turkey, beef, fish....these are not just "people foods" and I'll tell you why.


Natural dog foods for your Toy Poodle. The Second-Best Dog Food For Your Toy Poodle
If you can't feed homemade dog food, here are your next-best choices.


Information on booster shots for your Toy Poodle. Vaccinations and Booster Shots: Needed or Not?
How many vaccinations does your Toy Poodle puppy really need? Does your adult Toy Poodle need yearly booster shots? The vaccination guidelines have changed! Find out what some vets aren't telling you.


Information on spaying your Toy Poodle. Spaying Your Female Dog: Pros and Cons
Advantages and disadvantages of spaying your female dog.


Information on neutering your male dog. Neutering Your Male Dog: Pros and Cons
Advantages and disadvantages of neutering your male dog.


Information on choosing the best vet for your Toy Poodle. The Type of Veterinarian I Recommend
Is your veterinarian really the best choice for your dog? Learn about the differences between vets who practice conventional, holistic, and alternative veterinary medicine.


Assisi Loop Assisi Loop Review: How I Helped Treat Inflammation and Pain
Does your dog suffer from arthritis, hip dysplasia, disk disease, colitis, a skin wound? My honest review of a veterinary device you can use at home to help reduce inflammation and pain.


Complete list of Toy Poodle health problems

Eye diseases are the major concern in Toy Poodles:

  • PRA (which stands for progressive retinal atrophy) shows up between 3 and 5 years of age and always progresses to blindness. If you don't want to wait and worry, there is a new DNA test that can tell you whether your Poodle puppy has inherited the genes for PRA.
  • Cataracts can appear at any time in a Toy Poodle. If they show up early (from birth to 3 years of age), they're usually going to be more severe, leading to blindness. Cataracts that show up after age 3 are usually milder.
  • Other eye problems in Toy Poodles include tear duct disorders, corneal ulcers, retinal dysplasia, eyelash abnormalities, and glaucoma.

The most common orthopedic health problem to watch out for in Toy Poodles is luxating patella (loose knee joints). Legg-Calve-Perthes disease is a more serious condition, but is fortunately less common.

Intervertebral disk disease (IVDD) is not uncommon in Toy Poodles, especially in those born with short legs and a long back, which is a deformity called chondrodysplasia.

Epilepsy (seizures) has become a growing concern in many dog breeds today, including Toy Poodles. Epilepsy usually shows up between 2 and 4 years of age.

Allergies in Poodles cause terribly itchy skin, and the resulting scratching can lead to a bacterial infection called pyoderma. Tumors are fairly common in Toy Poodles, but fortunately they're usually benign sebaceous gland tumors or basal cell tumors. Non-tumorous skin growths such as lipomas and papillomas are very common in Poodles as they age. You'll find these little growths peppering your Poodle's skin under his curly coat. Ear infections are common due to the long narrow ear canals and profuse hair in the ear canals.

Two digestive diseases, pancreatitis and hemorrhagic gastroenteritis, are more common in Poodles than in most other breeds. Pancreatitis is especially common in middle-aged Poodles who are pudgy around the middle and don't get a lot of exercise. High-fat meals or treats are usually the culprit in setting off an attack of pancreatitis, and once it strikes, it can be fatal unless immediately treated.

Heart disease (patent ductus arteriosus and septal defects) is always a concern in Toy Poodles, and mitral valve disease as your Poodle ages.

Blood-clotting diseases (von Willebrand's and hemophilia A) occur in Toy Poodles. Just as there is a DNA test for PRA, there is one for von Willebrand's disease, so if you feel like it, you can have your dog tested at the vet's to see if he has inherited the vWD gene or not.

Diseases of the hormonal/endocrine system in Toy Poodles include hypothyroidism, Cushing's disease, and diabetes.

Toy Poodle puppies, and adults who are tiny (less than 4 pounds) are susceptible to hypoglycemia (low blood sugar).

Toy Poodles of any size can develop collapsing trachea, a weakness in their tracheal (breathing) tube that makes them cough (a honking cough) when they exert themselves too much. Collapsing trachea gets worse with age. Another condition that causes a honking cough is called reverse sneezing, but this condition is not a health problem and is in fact harmless.

Rare neurological diseases in Toy Poodles include white shaker dog syndrome and narcolepsy.

Toy Poodles are prone to dental disease – you must keep after your dog's teeth, brushing them regularly and chipping off the tartar. Otherwise, he'll need a veterinary cleaning, which requires anesthesia, which always carries some risk. Don't let your dog's teeth get this bad!


To help you train and care for your dog

book cover To learn more about training your dog to be calm and well-behaved, my dog training book is Teach Your Dog 100 English Words. It's a unique Vocabulary and Respect Training Program that will teach your dog to listen to you and do whatever you ask.

book cover My dog buying guide, Dog Quest: Find The Dog Of Your Dreams, will teach you everything you need to know about finding a good-tempered, healthy dog.

book cover My dog health care book, 11 Things You Must Do Right To Keep Your Dog Healthy and Happy, shows you how to help your dog live a longer life while avoiding health problems and unnecessary veterinary expenses.