Bernese Mountain Dog Health Problems and Raising a Bernese Mountain Dog Puppy to be Healthy
By Michele Welton. Copyright © 2000-2015
The most common health problems in Bernese Mountain Dogs:
This handsome, good-natured breed unfortunately has a LOT of serious health problems. The Bernese Mountain Dog Club conducted a health survey that included 1325 dogs. They report that the average age of death was 5-6 years for unneutered Bernese Mountain Dogs, and 7-8 years for neutered Berners. These are shockingly young ages to die.
Looking specifically at 261 Bernese Mountain Dogs who had died, only 18 of them died of "old age". Almost HALF died much earlier – of cancer. The most common cancer in the breed is histiocytic sarcoma, which accounts for about one-quarter of the diagnosed cancers. This deadly cancer is inherited – if your Bernese puppy has just one parent who develops histiocytic sarcoma, his chances of developing it are about 22%.
But histiocytic sarcoma isn't the only cancer found in the breed. Other tumors and cancers found regularly in Bernese Mountain Dogs are mast cell tumors, lymphosarcoma, osteosarcoma, hemangiosarcoma, and fibrosarcoma. The club survey reports that 16% of the dogs in their survey had some form of tumor, whether benign or malignant.
Moving away from cancers, we have orthopedic diseases, which are rampant in Bernese, especially elbow dysplasia. The Orthopedic Foundation of America evaluated the elbow X-rays of over 6700 Bernese Mountain Dogs and found a shocking 30% dysplastic – the 3rd worst rate of 82 breeds. And the true rate is even higher because most of the obviously bad X-rays were not sent in for official evaluation. Supporting that theory, a Swedish study found that over 53% of Bernese Mountain Dogs had elbow problems. Elbow dysplasia is truly an epidemic in this breed.
Hip dysplasia is also a major problem. The OFA evaluated the hip X-rays of 11,000 Bernese Mountain Dogs and found 17% dysplastic. Very high. For comparison, the massive Great Pyrenees has a 9% hip dysplasia rate.
Other common orthopedic diseases in Bernese Mountain Dogs include luxating patella (loose knees), osteochondritis, cruciate ligament rupture, panosteitis, and Wobbler's syndrome.
With their deep chest, Bernese Mountain Dogs are at higher-than-normal risk for the emergency gastrointestinal syndrome called bloat.
Epilepsy and heart disease (subaortic stenosis) are occurring more frequently in Bernese Mountain Dogs.
Cataracts is the most common eye disease, followed by eyelid abnormalities (entropion and ectropion). Progressive retinal atrophy (PRA) can occur early in life (some Bernese go blind before age 2), or much later.
Autoimmune diseases are those in which your dog's defective immune system attacks and damages parts of its own body. In Bernese, automimmune diseases include hypothyroidism, autoimmune hemolytic anemia, lupus, and degenerative spinal myelopathy.
Blood-clotting disease (von Willebrand's) occurs in Bernese Mountain Dogs. Fortunately, a simple DNA test is available so you can find out at any time whether your Bernese has von Willebrand's, carries it, or is completely clear of it. Thus far, test results show that about 1% of Bernese are affected and another 14% are carriers.
Allergies cause itchy skin and can lead to bacterial skin infections (pyoderma).
Other health issues reported in Bernese Mountain Dogs are kidney disease, inflammatory brain disease (aseptic meningitis), cerebellar ataxia, hernias, and calcinosis.
With their thick black coats, Bernese Mountain Dogs often suffer in hot climates. Summer exercise should be limited to early morning and late evening hours to prevent overheating.
Can you prevent health problems from happening to YOUR Bernese Mountain Dog?
Yes, often you can.
- Some health problems are genetic, which means inherited from parents. Genetic health issues are common in Bernese Mountain Dogs today because of unwise breeding practices. My book, Dog Quest: Find The Dog Of Your Dreams, shows you how to find a Bernese Mountain Dog puppy who is genetically healthy.
- Other health problems are environmental – caused by the way you raise your dog. My best-selling dog health book, 11 Things You Must Do Right To Keep Your Dog Healthy and Happy shows you how to prevent environmental health problems by raising your Bernese Mountain Dog puppy (or adult dog) in all the right ways.
Here are my dog health tips for raising a healthy Bernese Mountain Dog puppy or adult dog:
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Copyright © 2000-2015 by Michele Welton. All rights reserved.
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