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Stop Your Puppy's Barking

By Michele Welton, Dog Trainer, Breed Selection Consultant, Author of 15 Dog Books


Many dogs will bark when they hear a strange sound or see something out of the ordinary. You don't want to stop your dog from being a good watchdog.

But most dogs bark far too much, making them useless as watchdogs. They're like The Boy Who Cried Wolf  – no one even looks to see what they're barking at anymore. Frequent barking also keeps a dog in a heightened state of excitability instead of calmness.

puggle barking an alert

Your pup's heart is in the right place when he barks – he thinks he's sounding the alarm righteously. Unfortunately many dogs have never been taught when they should and shouldn't be barking.

So be honest – is your pup....

  • barking at the neighbors?
  • barking at the neighbor's dog?
  • barking at passersby on the sidewalk?
  • barking at kids on bicycles?
  • barking at the mailman?
  • barking at the garbage truck and UPS truck?
  • barking when other neighborhood dogs bark?

Our dogs must be taught to recognize familiar things that are harmless. The way they learn to do this is by US  telling them what's harmless.

Teach your pup that some situations should never be barked at, while other situations can be barked at in a limited way

For example, your pup looks out the window and sees an ax murderer on the sidewalk. He starts barking. You look out and see.... the sweet old lady from Apartment 2A shuffling along with her walker.

She's harmless. You don't want your pup barking at that lady. So stop it with No,  plus a correction. The message is: "Don't bark at that person or situation. At all."

You're telling your puppy that you, as the leader, have quickly evaluated that person or situation and declared him/her/it harmless. That's what leaders do and a respectful dog will accept your judgment.

brown tri dog barking

He can give a warning, but then must turn the situation over to the leader: YOU.

Now suppose a delivery man is standing on your porch. It's perfectly fine for your pup to bark – a few times.

"Good boy, Jake." Then use the phrase you learned here: "That's enough" or "All done" or "No more." Some owners add "Stop" or "Quiet" because they're such natural words that come right to mind.

Wait 2 seconds and if he hasn't stopped, use one of the corrective techniques from this article on teaching No.

You want your pup to learn that yes, barking at someone on the porch is okay, but when you say stop, it needs to stop. He needs to accept that YOU  will take over and handle the situation. That's the responsibility of the leader.

Barking when the doorbell rings

...or when someone knocks at the door. See this article.

Barking when you're not home

This is bad for the neighbors and bad for the dog's state of mind. Many owners aren't even aware  of how much their pup barks when they're not home. It's a good idea to leave the house sometimes and lurk outside for 10 or 15 minutes, listening.

Here are some tips for stopping this problem:

  • Block his view of the outdoors. Leave him in a room with no view outside, or else install shades or drapes to block his view.
  • Block sounds from outdoors. Put on soothing music – classical, soft jazz, elevator music, or nature sounds. Or tune the TV to the Golf Channel. No hard rock or rap music, loud excitable sitcoms, or argumentative political discussions. You're trying to promote calmness.
  • Provide more exercise and interesting activities. Tired pups are more likely to sleep. People often think their dog gets plenty of exercise wandering around the yard. Unless your dog is tiny, that's seldom true. If a pup doesn't have anything interesting to do, he will feel bored and frustrated, and pups express boredom and frustration by destroying things or barking.
  • Discourage clingy, dependant behaviors. Your puppy needs to learn to stand on his own four feet without you frequently holding him or cuddling with him.
    dog barking
  • Stage corrective set-ups. This means leaving the house, lurking close by until you hear barking, then coming back inside (perhaps sneaking in a back door) to correct him. Alternatively, you can leave while your spouse remains hidden inside, listening and prepared to emerge and correct.
  • Get your dog a companion.... but not yet. If your dog absolutely must be alone for more than four hours a day, consider getting a second dog to keep him company. But not now! Don't try to raise two new dogs at the same time.  They will tend to bond with each other and follow each other rather than you. Then you'll have two  barkers.

    Instead, work with the puppy you have, and when he is well-behaved, respectful, and 100% housebroken, then look for another dog to keep the first one company during those long lonely hours. I recommend adopting an adult dog of the opposite sex. Definitely not a puppy if you're gone all day!

How to leave your pup home alone

How  you leave the house can make a big difference in how your pup acts when you're gone. For example, don't do this....

crossroad sign says Jake Story"Jake sweetie, Mummy and Daddy have to go out for awhile, okay? We're sorry to leave you all by yourself. But we have to, Jake. Don't be mad and don't be scared. We'll come back. It will be all right, don't worry, we'll be home soon!"

Ugh! When you need to leave puppy dog alone, don't make a big emotional scene. A melodramatic exit revs up your pup's nervous system and creates anxiety, which he will probably try to relieve through chewing, digging, or barking.

dog leaping to catch frisbeeInstead:

  1. Provide an activity/play session before you leave.
  2. Just before you leave, take him outside one last time to relieve himself.
  3. Turn on soothing music or a relaxing TV station like the Golf Channel. Put him in his crate or pen or gated room. Give him a Kong toy to chew on.
  4. Sit for a few minutes, reading the paper or watching TV. Then say calmly, "Bye, Jake. Be a good boy." No fondling, emotional farewells, or lingering looks. Just leave.

How to come home to your puppy

Similarly, when you come home, don't burst in the door and overwhelm your pup with hugs and kisses.

After many quiet hours alone, a melodramatic entrance is too stimulating for your puppy's nervous system. He will begin to anticipate your homecoming long before you arrive, and as he awaits the big emotional scene, he will become more anxious and revved up.

Instead:

  1. Come in. Say, "Hi, Jake." Then ignore him. Hang up your jacket. Don't pay any attention to your pup. Don't even look at him. A few welcoming barks are fine, but if he makes a racket, correct it.
  2. Soon he should be calmer and more settled. If he is in a crate or pen, open the crate door. Remember to have him "Wait" inside the crate until you say "Okay." Cue him, "Do you need to go OUT?" and take him directly outside to the bathroom.

If your pup is barking outdoors

A dog should not be outside by himself. Someone should be out with him to make sure he doesn't eat something he shouldn't, or find a way to escape, or dig holes in your flower bed, or bark.

dog standing on hind legs peering through fence slats and barking

When you're outside with him, you can both monitor his safety and correct unwanted behaviors, including barking.

Be prepared to deal with any problems by keeping him on a long line (15 to 30 feet long), either holding it or letting him drag it so you can easily get hold of him if he starts barking at a neighbor.

This is one of the great benefits of teaching "No" – you can stop almost ANY unwanted behavior so easily!

lady wanted an outdoor dogWere you hoping your dog could stay  outdoors by himself during the day? While you went off to work and the kids to school?

Bad idea. Even a dedicated dog lover like myself becomes frustrated and angry when an owner puts a dog outside and trots off to work, leaving the rest of us listening to barking. In fact, I'm the first one on the phone to the homeowners association, animal control, or the police.

Neighbors who are not  dedicated dog lovers may resort to a BB gun, rat poison, transporting your pup to a distant city, or opening your gate so your nuisance dog "escapes."

In addition, the vast majority of outdoor dogs are not happy.

Sure, if you live on a 20-acre farm and your livestock guardian dog is guarding your sheep.... or if you live in Alaska and your sled dogs are pulling sleds.... or if you live out in the rural countryside and take your pack of hounds hunting every weekend....

.....those dogs are fine with living outdoors because they're regularly performing the work they are genetically hardwired to do. Their brain and psyche are willing to give up family life in order to "follow their genes" and work.

dog standing at back door hoping to be let in with his family

But if you want a dog as a family companion, only an indoor dog can fulfill this role. Remember, dogs are sociable creatures who want to live among  their family.

Your pup wants to be in the same room with you and your family, listening to your conversations and lying on the rug near you as you watch TV or work/play on the computer.

Dogs who spend hours and hours outdoors are forced to live "outside" their pack, on the fringes of it, not immersed in day-to-day family life.

So please, bring your dog indoors and start teaching calmness, housebreaking, and so on. Your dog will be a fine indoor  companion if you follow my training program faithfully. Your neighbors will appreciate it, too.

My book covertraining program is for puppies 2 to 18 months old. It explains, step by step:

  • How to establish good patterns and routines that govern everything your pup does.
  • How to teach your pup to be calm and to look to you for guidance, direction, and permission.
  • How to make yourself important – the most important thing – in your puppy’s life. How to show your pup the clear, black-and-white rules and routines he is to follow. And how to make sure he does.

Michele Welton with BuffyAbout the author: Michele Welton has over 40 years of experience as a Dog Trainer, Dog Breed Consultant, and founder of three Dog Training Centers. An expert researcher and author of 15 books about dogs, she loves helping people choose, train, and care for their dogs.


To help you train and care for your dog

dog training videos Dog training videos. Sometimes it's easier to train your puppy (or adult dog) when you can see the correct training techniques in action.

The problem is that most dog training videos on the internet are worthless, because they use the wrong training method. I recommend these dog training videos that are based on respect and leadership.

book coverRespect Training For Puppies: 30 seconds to a calm, polite, well-behaved puppy. For puppies 2 to 18 months old. Your puppy will learn the 21 skills that all family dogs need to know.
If your dog is over 18 months, you'll want book coverRespect Training For Adult Dogs: 30 seconds to a calm, polite, well-behaved dog. Again your dog will learn the 21 skills that all family dogs need to know.
book coverTeach Your Dog 100 English Words is a unique Vocabulary and Respect Training Program that will teach your adult dog to listen to you and do what you say.
book cover11 Things You Must Do Right To Keep Your Dog Healthy and Happy helps your dog live a longer, healthier life.
book coverDog Quest: Find The Dog Of Your Dreams will help you find a good-tempered, healthy family companion.