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Male Dogs versus Female Dogs: Which Makes a Better Pet?

By Michele Welton, Dog Trainer, Breed Selection Consultant, Author of 15 Dog Books

Last Updated: October, 2019

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Should you get a male dog or a female dog?

Did you know that most experts "in the dog world" use the word dog for male dogs, and bitch for female dogs?

Of course I do now.... but many years ago, when I was just a teenager, a kennel manager instructed me to "Exercise the dogs for 10 minutes each."

Now there were eighteen dogs in the building, so this chore took a few hours. But they and I enjoyed our little outings together.

Toward the end, I happened to walk past the kennel manager with a little sweetheart named Millie. Imagine my confusion when he shouted, "I told you to exercise the DOGS!!! Millie is a BITCH!!"

So.... to eliminate any confusion with terms... should you get a boy dog or a girl dog?


symbol for male dogsSpeaking very generally about male dogs...

Males tend to be more stable in mood than females – less prone to emotional swings. An elderly gentleman said of his big male dog, "He's as reliable as rain in Seattle, he is. Summer or winter, morning or night, Ringo is as dependable as ever."

Many male dogs are bolder and more aggressive than females. For example, most police and military dogs are males.

And yet in some breeds, it's the female who tends to be a bit "sharper" and more aggressive, while the males are described as "affectionate goofballs" or "big ol' softies."

X symbolMale dogs have genitals that are easy to see, which makes some owners feel self-conscious. When you roll them over to rub their belly, there's "something in the way." Male dogs may become aroused and/or lick their private parts. Again, some owners find this embarrassing, especially when Grandma happens to be visiting.

A male dog is either unneutered (also called intact) or neutered (also called castrated or de-sexed).

Neutering/castration is surgery that removes the testicles from the scrotum, so the dog can't breed or sire puppies.

See my advice on the pros and cons of neutering a male dog.

symbol for female dogsSpeaking very generally about female dogs...

Female dogs are more prone to mood swings. They can be sweet and loving when they're happy – but a bit on the sulky side when they really, really don't like something.

Now mind you, I'm a proud member of the fairer sex myself. But I must admit that female dogs are experts at giving you That Dirty Look when something isn't to their liking.

Female dogs are often less physical than males, less "in your face" than male dogs. Females are affectionate, absolutely, but often on their own terms. They may request petting, then assert their independence by walking away when they've had enough.

Female dogs are opinionated and often manipulative. If they don't want to do something, they may try to work their charming wiles with you. If that doesn't work, they may become passively resistant or slink around with their tail down and ears back. Or give you one of those patented "looks." Some owners find this exasperating, while others find it amusing.

A female is either unneutered (also called intact) or neutered (also called spayed or de-sexed).

Neutering/spaying means surgically removing the uterus and ovaries so the female can't have heat periods or become pregnant.

See my advice on the pros and cons of spaying a female dog.

Which sex is better for YOU?

When you start looking for a puppy, you'll find many breeders recommending males as better pets.

Well, not so fast. There's a practical reason for this – breeders want to keep more females (for breeding) than males, so they always have more male puppies to sell. It's in the breeder's best interest to persuade pet buyers that males make better pets.

There are some Special Circumstances that might point you in the direction of one sex or the other.

Consider your size preference.

If you're looking for a medium, large, or giant breed with a medium or high risk of aggression toward people and/or toward other dogs... a female is more likely to be smaller and easier to handle.

Consider the other dogs in your household.

First, if your current dog has a high risk of aggression toward other dogs, I recommend that you stop right now.

I can't tell you how many owners have called me after bringing home a female Rottweiler when they already had a female Akita or Alaskan Malamute or American Bulldog. Then I'm called in six months later because the two females are at each other's throats and the household is in chaos.

Are you surprised that those two dogs are female, rather than male? Yes, males have more of a reputation for fighting with each other, and yet many male-on-male fights are more posturing, shoving, skirmishing, and a few bites at each other. Whereas for their sheer ferocity, female-on-female battles are the worst of all. They tear viciously at each other, can be difficult to separate without getting bitten yourself, and they never forgive or forget.

It isn't fair to your current high-aggression dog to upset his or her world by bringing home an "invader." More importantly, it isn't fair to a new dog to put him or her into a situation where fear, stress, or injury could easily occur. The moral is, keep a high-aggression dog as a single dog.

If your current dog isn't really aggressive, but is a bit on the jealous or pushy side, make sure your new dog is the opposite sex AND a breed with a LOW risk of aggression (like a Lab or Golden Retriever).

If your current dog is good with other dogs, make sure the new dog is a breed with a LOW (or maybe MEDIUM) risk of aggression. If it's MEDIUM, go with the opposite sex, to be safe. If it's LOW, either sex should work.

Remember that when you mix the sexes, you either need to neuter one of both dogs, or else you need to be very careful to keep the dogs apart when the female is in heat.

Consider other dogs in your neighborhood.

If your next-door neighbor has an aggressive dog, you may want to get the opposite sex to avoid fence-fighting.

If an aggressive dog roams loose in your area, and you're unable to get its irresponsible owner (or Animal Control) to stop it, again you might be wise to get a dog of the opposite sex, else your daily walks may become stressful.

Of course, Murphy's Law says that if you take great pains to do this, you might find that on the day you bring your puppy home, your neighbor's dog (or the bully who roams loose) will die and be replaced by a dog who is the same sex as yours!

Michele Welton with BuffyAbout the author: Michele Welton has over 40 years of experience as a Dog Trainer, Dog Breed Consultant, and founder of three Dog Training Centers. An expert researcher and author of 15 books about dogs, she loves helping people choose, train, and care for their dogs.

Check out my other articles on finding a good dog

Pros and Cons of Owning a Dog

Do Dogs Need a Fenced Yard?

Should You Get a Dog If You Work All Day?

Puppies vs Adult Dogs

The Truth About Purebred Dogs

The Truth About Crossbred Dogs

The Truth About Mixed Breed Dogs

Which Dog Breed Characteristics Are Right For You?

Adopting a Dog From The Animal Shelter

Adopting From a Dog Breed Rescue Group

How To Find a Good Dog Breeder

"AKC Registered Puppies" – Are AKC Papers Important?

How To Choose a Good Puppy

Pet Shop Puppies: Buying a Puppy From a Pet Store


To help you train and care for your dog

dog training videos Dog training videos. Sometimes it's easier to train your puppy (or adult dog) when you can see the correct training techniques in action.

The problem is that most dog training videos on the internet are worthless, because they use the wrong training method. I recommend these dog training videos that are based on respect and leadership.

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If your dog is over 18 months, you'll want book coverRespect Training For Adult Dogs: 30 seconds to a calm, polite, well-behaved dog. Again your dog will learn the 21 skills that all family dogs need to know.
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book coverDog Quest: Find The Dog Of Your Dreams will help you find a good-tempered, healthy family companion.