Boxer Health Problems and Raising a Boxer Puppy to be Healthy
By Michele Welton. Copyright © 2000-2015
The most common health problems in Boxers:
Because of their short face, all Boxers suffer from some degree of brachycephalic syndrome, which causes all kinds of health problems.
Heart problems are very high on the list of major health problems in Boxers, especially subaortic stenosis and a specific form of cardiomyopathy called familial ventricular arrythmia. Pulmonic stenosis and septal defects (holes in the heart) are other heart problems occurring in Boxers.
Tumors and cancers are a serious concern in Boxers, including lymphosarcoma, mast cell tumors, histiocytoma, osteosarcoma, hemangiosarcoma, melanoma, squamous cell carcinoma, and others.
Eye diseases occur regularly in Boxers:
- The most common eye problem is corneal ulcer, and in Boxers these ulcers can be very persistent and refuse to heal.
- Cataracts can occur in Boxers under age 4 and can progress to blindness.
- Other eye diseases in the breed include corneal dystrophy, cherry eye, eyelid abnormalities (entropion and ectropion), eyelash abnormalities, and occasionally progressive retinal atrophy (PRA).
Boxers often have health issues related to their digestive system – they are prone to being "gassy" (especially when fed kibble or canned diets). Ulcerative colitis (inflammatory bowel disease) is very common in Boxers. And they're at higher-than-normal risk for the emergency gastrointestinal syndrome called bloat.
The most common orthopedic health problem in Boxers is hip dysplasia. The Orthopedic Foundation of America evaluated the hip X-rays of over 3900 Boxers and found almost 11% dysplastic. In comparison, Doberman Pinschers have a 6% hip dysplasia rate. On a positive note, of 217 elbow X-rays, Boxers had a ZERO percent rate of elbow dysplasia. Other orthopedic health problems in Boxers include intervertebral disk disease, Wobbler's syndrome, osteochondritis, and hypertrophic osteodystrophy.
According to the Michigan State University Thyroid Database, Boxers have the 6th highest rate of hypothyroidism of 140 breeds (up to 23% affected). The OFA Thyroid Database ranks Boxers 3rd of 60 breeds (up to 30% affected).
Skin diseases include allergies (which cause itchy skin and can lead to pyoderma), demodectic mange (in Boxer puppies), follicular dysplasia, and non-tumorous growths.
On some older Boxers, you might see what looks like a growth on their gums, covering some of their teeth. This is actually fibrous gum tissue and the condition is called gingival hyperplasia. If the enlarged gums interfere with chewing or become damaged from chewing, the excess tissue may need to be surgically removed.
Blood-clotting diseases include von Willebrand's, hemophilia A, and factor II deficiency.
Other health problems in Boxers are Cushing's disease, epilepsy, pyloric stenosis, cystinuria, kidney disease, polyneuropathy, craniomandibular osteopathy, and in some white Boxer puppies, inherited deafness.
You probably want to know if you can prevent those health issues from happening to YOUR Boxer.
Yes, often you can.
- Some health problems are genetic, which means inherited from parents. Genetic health issues are common in Boxers today because of unwise breeding practices. My book, Dog Quest: Find The Dog Of Your Dreams, shows you how to find a Boxer puppy who is genetically healthy.
- Other health problems are environmental, which means they're caused by the way you raise your dog. My best-selling dog health book, 11 Things You Must Do Right To Keep Your Dog Healthy and Happy shows you how to prevent environmental health problems by raising your Boxer puppy (or adult dog) in all the right ways.
Here are my dog health tips for raising a healthy Boxer puppy or adult dog:
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Copyright © 2000-2015 by Michele Welton. All rights reserved.
No part of this website may be copied, displayed on another website,
or distributed in any way without the express permission of the author.